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When To Bet Twice With An Overpair

by Jonathan Little |  Published: Mar 30, 2016


In this article, I am going to share with you a hand from deep in the $5,000 buy-in World Series of Poker event I final tabled in 2015. With only 16 players remaining at 8,000-16,000 with a 2,000 ante, everyone folded to me on the button. I raised to 37,000 out of my 750,000-chip stack with JDiamond Suit JHeart Suit. A 45-year-old player who seemed to be an experienced amateur called 21,000 more out of his 400,000-chip stack from the big blind. I imagine he would defend the big blind with a reasonably wide range, perhaps as wide as 70 percent of hands, but more likely 50 percent of hands. It is difficult to say whether or not he would reraise with his best hands and some bluffs, as some players almost never reraise from out of position while others frequently reraise with a wide range.

The flop came 5Spade Suit 4Spade Suit 4Club Suit. My opponent checked, I bet 40,000 into the 100,000 pot, and he called. When he check-calls this flop, I think I can narrow his range to nut hands, all pairs, all draws (even gutshot draws) and some random over card hands, such as KHeart Suit QDiamond Suit.

The turn was the 8Club Suit. My opponent checked, but he did so in an abnormal way that made me think he particularly liked his hand. Especially deep in a tournament where the chips you stand to lose are worth more than the chips you stand to gain, your primary concern should be to protect your stack. Even though there are numerous draws my opponent could have, I think checking behind is a perfectly acceptable play, mainly because there are many hands my opponent could realistically have that I am drawing thin against. If my read happens to be wrong and my opponent either has a draw or an unpaired hand, he may decide to bluff the river, thinking I would almost always bet with my strong made hands. If he has a marginal value hand, such as 6-5 or 2-2, he may elect to check-call a river bet when the turn checks through. All of this led me to check behind.

Do not think that you must blindly bet every single time you have an overpair. Always analyze your opponent’s range and be willing to adjust your strategy if you make a read that leads you to believe his range is stronger than normal. Notice the alternative, likely more-standard, line in this spot would be to bet 80,000 into the 180,000-chip pot. If my opponent check-raised all in, I would be in a miserable situation, especially given my read that he likes his hand. When possible, I tend to play in a manner that doesn’t lead to me folding strong hands. While you may be able to comfortably bet-fold the turn versus a weak player, you will find that most players in the high stakes games are capable of check-raising all in as a semibluff, even in high pressure situations such as this one. When you are unsure how to react if your opponent applies aggression, checking is often the ideal play.

The river was the 8Diamond Suit. My opponent checked. I don’t think his check says much about his range. While most players would bet their nut hands on the river, I give him enough credit to realize that my range should be quite marginal, as I would have played most under pairs and unpaired hands in the same way. This means that if my opponent bets, I will usually fold. So, if he wants to extract maximum value, he should strongly consider checking with most of his strong hands to give me the opportunity to bluff.

Even though I still thought my opponent liked his hand, I bet 125,000 into the 180,000-chip pot for value. Although it is important to actively focus at the table and make reads on your opponents, you must recognize that you could be wrong. Do not get into the habit of drastically altering your game plan every time you think you pick up a tell. Unless you have a large sample size of tells on your specific opponent, tells should only sway your close decisions one way or the other. In this situation, I think value betting is a clear-cut decision.

Fortunately for me, my opponent called and then mucked when I turned my hand up. While I may have missed out on stacking my opponent when he happened to have 10-10 or 9-9, I think, given my read, taking the line that leads to a medium-sized pot was the right play. Unless you have an incredibly aggressive image, strong one pair hands are usually good enough to value bet twice (in this case, on the flop and the river). If you put in three bets (flop, turn and river), you will force your opponent to only continue with the best hands in his range, many of which can beat an over pair. Do not get in the habit of forcing your opponent to play well because you apply so much pressure such that he can only call when you are beat. ♠

Jonathan Little is a two-time WPT champion with more than $6 million in tournament winnings. Each week, he posts an educational blog and podcast at, where you can get a FREE poker training video that details five things you must master if you want to win at tournament poker.