Sign Up For Card Player's Newsletter And Free Bi-Monthly Online Magazine


Poker Training

Newsletter and Magazine

Sign Up

Find Your Local

Card Room


Extracting Full Value

by Jonathan Little |  Published: Jun 01, 2022


If you want to increase your poker skills and learn to crush the games, check out Jonathan Litte’s elite training site at

Jonathan LittleI was recently told about a hand from a $240 buy-in live poker tournament that illustrates a key error that many amateur players make on a regular basis.

Early in the tournament with blinds at 100-200 with 15,000 effective stacks, a somewhat tight player limped from first position. The player in second position called, and then our Hero called from middle position with 10Club Suit 9Spade Suit.

While I am fine with this call, folding is usually going to be the best play unless your opponents play particularly poorly after the flop. If the stacks were much deeper, perhaps 150 big blinds instead of 75 big blinds, limping would become acceptable.

When you splash around with marginal hands, you want to have the potential to win a huge pot when you are fortunate enough to flop a premium hand. Especially as stacks get shorter, you should fold these marginal hands, even when it only costs one big blind to see the flop.

The small blind and the big blind both elected to see the flop as well. The flop came JSpade Suit 8Diamond Suit 7Club Suit, giving Hero the nut straight. Great flop!

The blinds checked to the initial limper, who bet 500 into the 1,000 pot. The second position caller folded. Hero decided to just call.

At this point, Hero simply must raise if he wants any chance to win a significant pot. While slow playing the nuts is always an option, when it is somewhat likely that you are against a decently strong hand, raising is almost always the right play.

Notice here that the flop bettor could easily have a set, overpair, two pair, or top pair, meaning there are numerous strong hands available that Hero can extract value from.

The blinds folded. The turn was the 4Diamond Suit. The opponent checked and Hero bet 500 into the 2,000 pot.

Similar to the flop, if Hero wants to win a big pot, he needs to start building the pot. Betting 500 into 2,000 is not going to get the job done. Hero should make a sizable bet of about 1,500 or even 2,000 into the 2,000 pot, allowing him to make a sizable river bet.

Hero probably thought his opponent’s turn check indicated weakness and a hand incapable of calling a bigger bet, but it is important to realize that your reads will often be incorrect. Betting tiny to try to get called by absolute garbage on a somewhat coordinated board is futile. Instead, bet large and try to get maximum value.

The opponent called. The river was the 2Heart Suit. The opponent checked and Hero bet 2,500 into the 3,000 pot.

I am fine with this bet size, but once the opponent check-calls a tiny turn bet, his range is usually quite marginal, meaning Hero should consider betting a bit smaller, perhaps 1,500 into the 3,000 pot.

The opponent thought for a while before folding A-J (top pair, top kicker) face-up.
While the opponent’s fold is much too tight, it is important to realize that if Hero raised the flop, he would have almost certainly won a gigantic pot, perhaps getting a full double up. As played, he won almost nothing.

If the opponent happened to make an overly tight fold with top pair on the flop, Hero could adjust by bluffing with a wide range of marginal draws, allowing him to win all the pots where this opponent fails to flop the effective nuts. In general, though, when you flop a premium hand, you want to get money in the pot, and you don’t get money in the pot by playing passively or betting small. ♠

Jonathan Little is a two-time WPT champion with more than $7 million in live tournament earnings, best-selling author of 15 educational poker books, and 2019 GPI Poker Personality of the Year. If you want to increase your poker skills and learn to crush the games, check out his training site at